文章摘要
郭柳 金春华 杨淑霞 等.癫痫患儿睡眠质量问卷调查[J].世界睡眠医学杂志,2014,1(1):39-
癫痫患儿睡眠质量问卷调查
Survey of Sleep Quality in Children with Epilepsy
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 癫痫;睡眠障碍;影响因素;儿童
英文关键词: Epilepsy;Sleep disorders;Affecting factors;Children
基金项目:北京市科委首都特色临床医学技术发展研究项 目,项目编号:Z131107002213027
作者单位
郭柳 金春华 杨淑霞 等 100020 北京,首都儿科研究所附属儿童医院 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解癫痫患儿睡眠状况,为提高癫痫患儿的睡眠质量提供依据。方法 应用自行设计的癫痫患儿睡眠质量调查问卷对癫痫组及正常对照组的家长进行问卷调查,建立数据库,对两组儿童睡眠障碍相关症状的发生率进行统计学分析。结果 98 例癫痫患儿睡眠障碍相关症状中发生率最高的为反复翻身(73.47%);其次为性情急躁(70.41%)。其他症状发生率由高到低依次为:记忆力下降(48.98%)、近半年学习成绩下降(36.73%)、睡眠中肢体抽动(36.73%)、过度出汗(35.71%)、睡眠打鼾(27.55%)、咽部发干(23.47%)、头痛(23.47%)、遗尿(23.47%)、白天容易困倦(20.41%)、入睡时间超过0.5 h(20.41%)、其他较少的为张口呼吸、梦游或做噩梦、憋醒等。在睡眠障碍相关症状影响因素分析中,性别对睡眠打鼾症状及梦游、做噩梦症状有影响,男孩打鼾症状发生率较高(39.62% vs13.33%,P=0.004);女孩梦游或噩梦发生率相对较高(17.78% vs 3.77%,P=0.039);而服用药物种类对患儿睡眠的影响无统计学差异。结论 癫痫患儿睡眠障碍相关症状较正常儿童发生率高,其中反复翻身、性情急躁发生率最高。睡眠打鼾和梦游做噩梦存在性别差异。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveTo see the sleep stage in children with epilepsy in order to provide the basis for improving the quality of sleep in children with epilepsy.MethodsConducted a survey to establish a database using a self-designed questionnaire of quality of sleep in children with epilepsy and normal control group. The incidence of related symptoms resulted from the two groups of children were statistically analyzed.ResultsIn 98 cases of children with epilepsy, the highest sleep disorders related symptom was over turn around (73.47%); the second one was angry quickly (70.41%). Other symptoms were : memory loss (48.98%), poor academic performance in recently half year (36.73%) , hypnagogic jerk (36.73%) , excessive sweating (35.71%) , snoring (27.55%), throat dry (23.47%), headache (23.47%), enuresis (23.47%), daytime sleepiness (20.41%), fall asleep longer than 0.5h (20.41%), other rare symptoms were mouth breathing , sleepwalking , nightmare, suppress wake and so on. In the analysis of related symptoms of sleep disorders, the symptom of snoring, nightmares, sleepwalking influenced by gender, there was a higher incidence of snoring in boys (39.62% VS13.33%, P=0.004); there was a higher incidence of sleepwalking or nightmares in girls (17.78% VS 3.77%, P=0.039); while there was no significant difference in the type of taking antiepileptic drugs.ConclusionsThe symptoms of sleep disorders in children with epilepsy is higher than the normal, in which over turn around, angry quickly account for most of symptoms. The incidence of snoring and sleepwalking ,nightmares are different according to gender.
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