文章摘要
高雪梅.口腔睡眠医学的孕育和发展[J].世界睡眠医学杂志,2014,1(1):16-
口腔睡眠医学的孕育和发展
Call for Emergence and Development of Oral Sleep Medicine
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 口腔;睡眠医学;发展
英文关键词: Stomatological;Sleep medicine;Development
基金项目:
作者单位
高雪梅 100081 北京大学口腔医学院 
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中文摘要:
      口腔睡眠医学包括一些睡眠疾病的病生理研究、口腔矫治器和正颌手术治疗、颅面发育相关的睡眠疾病 的预防阻断。目前已在阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(Obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome,OSAHS) 颅面、上气道及周围组织的形态特征、肌电特点、上气道生长发育规律等方面给出了大量的观察分析。对轻中度OSAHS 实行的口腔矫治器治疗、扩弓治疗,对颌骨畸形患者实行的正颌手术治疗,已被业内肯定为有效治疗手段。今后将在 联合应用、个性化设计、预防阻断方面进一步深化,并在异态睡眠领域期待有新的拓展。
英文摘要:
      Oral sleep medicine includes fields of but not limited to patho-physiological researches, applications of oral appliances and orthognathic surgery in OSAHS (obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome) and prevention of sleep disorders associated with craniofacial development. Considerable observations have been done in morphology, electromyogram and development and growth pattern on the upper airway and its surrounding tissues in the field of OSAHS. And several therapies for specific population have already been proved effective, such as oral appliances or palatal expansion for mild to moderate OSAHS and orthognathic surgery for skeletal deformity. Further effort in oral sleep medicine should be made in fields of combined applications, individual therapy and prevention and of course. Also exploration into the field of parasomnias is needed.
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